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Medical Eye Examinations

A medical eye examination includes a number of tests and procedures to evaluate the health of your eyes. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using high-powered lenses to examine the inside of your eyes. A complete evaluation is called a comprehensive medical eye examination and includes the following services.

Patient History


Common sense, medicolegal requirements, and insurance company regulations demand a reasonably thorough patient history when the patient begins the examination process.
The level of patient history that is documented is dependent on the clinical judgment of the doctor and the nature of the presenting problem.

General Medical Observation

This is the act of watching the patient carefully and attentively. This service component provides the doctor with a method to identify the presence of ocular or systemic conditions that may exist without symptoms. 

Gross Visual Fields

Abnormal visual fields are a clinical sign of eye disease. Our office uses automated and manual examination techniques to evaluate your visual field. 

Basic Sensorimotor Evaluation

To have the best vision, it is important for the eyes to work together as a team. We evaluate your sensorimotor system by measuring ocular alignment, extraocular muscle function and your eye's focusing ability.

When medically necessary, a more comprehensive evalution of the sensorimotor system may be ordered to include tests of sensory function, sensory adaptation, and multiple measurements of ocular alignment.


External Ocular Examination with Biomicroscopy

The biomicroscope is an instrument that  produces a magnified view of the of the structures of the eye. The clinical information gained by performing a biomicroscopic examination is used to evaluate the eyes for signs of eye disease.



Ophthalmoscopy is a test that allows our doctors to see inside the eye using an ophthalmoscope (or fundoscope). It is sometimes also called fundoscopy. It is done as part of an eye examination. It is crucial in determining the health of the optic disc, retina, and vitreous humor.

The exam is done by opening the pupil wider (dilating it) and allows us to better see the structures of teh inner eye. Dilation of the pupil is often accomplished with medicated eye drops before teh exam. Although dilating the pupils is ideal, undilated examination is more convenient and is also helpful, though not as comprehensive.

Prescribe a Treatment Program

Your treatment plan should parallel the primary diagnosis. In other words, you should get treament for the problems you complained about.


Your treatment plan should parallel the primary diagnosis. In other words, you should get treament for the problems you complained about.



These are the service components of a comprehensive medical eye examination at First Eye Care. Depending on your particular needs, your doctor may perform additional diagnostic tests on the day of your examination or schedule you for future follow-up examinations.


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